天麻属全部品种种类有哪些?

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2020年9月21日21:26:01 评论 42 3191字阅读10分38秒

天麻属(Gastrodia R. Br.)全属约90种,分布于东亚、东南亚至大洋洲。腐生草本,地下具根状茎;根状茎块茎状、圆柱状或有时多少呈珊瑚状,通常平卧,稍肉质,具节,节常较密。茎直立,常为黄褐色,无绿叶,一般在花后延长,中部以下具数节,节上被筒状或鳞片状鞘。总状花序顶生,具数花至多花,较少减退为单花;花近壶形、钟状或宽圆筒状,不扭转或扭转;萼片与花瓣合生成筒,仅上端分离;花被筒基部有时膨大成囊状,偶见两枚侧萼片之间开裂;唇瓣贴生于蕊柱足末端,通常较小,藏于花被筒内,不裂或3裂;蕊柱长,具狭翅,基部有短的蕊柱足;花药较大,近顶生;花粉团2个,粒粉质,通常由可分的小团块组成,无花粉团柄和粘盘。

天麻属全部品种种类有哪些?

Gastrodia sesamoides

天麻属所有品种

  1. Gastrodia abscondita J.J.Sm.
  2. Gastrodia africana Kraenzl.
  3. Gastrodia albida T.C.Hsu & C.M.Kuo
  4. Gastrodia albidoides Y.H.Tan & T.C.Hsu
  5. Gastrodia angusta S.Chow & S.C.Chen
  6. Gastrodia appendiculata C.S.Leou & N.J.Chung
  7. Gastrodia arunachalensis S.N.Hegde & A.N.Rao
  8. Gastrodia ballii P.J.Cribb & Browning
  9. Gastrodia bambu Metusala
  10. Gastrodia boninensis Tuyama
  11. Gastrodia cajanoae Barcelona & Pelser
  12. Gastrodia callosa J.J.Sm.
  13. Gastrodia celebica Schltr.
  14. Gastrodia clausa T.C.Hsu, S.W.Chung & C.M.Kuo
  15. Gastrodia confusa Honda & Tuyama
  16. Gastrodia confusoides T.C.Hsu, S.W.Chung & C.M.Kuo
  17. Gastrodia cooperae Lehnebach & J.R.Rolfe
  18. Gastrodia crassisepala L.O.Williams
  19. Gastrodia crebriflora D.L.Jones
  20. Gastrodia crispa J.J.Sm.
  21. Gastrodia cunninghamii Hook.f.
  22. Gastrodia damingshanensis A.Q.Hu & T.C.Hsu
  23. Gastrodia dyeriana King & Pantl.
  24. Gastrodia effusa P.T.Ong & P.O'Byrne
  25. Gastrodia elata Blume
  26. Gastrodia elatoides W.C.Huang, G.W.Hu & Q.F.Wang
  27. Gastrodia entomogama D.L.Jones
  28. Gastrodia exilis Hook.f.
  29. Gastrodia falconeri D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.
  30. Gastrodia fimbriata Suddee
  31. Gastrodia flavilabella S.S.Ying
  32. Gastrodia flexistyla T.C.Hsu & C.M.Kuo
  33. Gastrodia flexistyloides Suetsugu
  34. Gastrodia fontinalis T.P.Lin
  35. Gastrodia gracilis Blume
  36. Gastrodia grandilabris Carr
  37. Gastrodia holttumii Carr
  38. Gastrodia huapingensis X.Y.Huang, A.Q.Hu & Yan Liu
  39. Gastrodia isabelensis T.C.Hsu
  40. Gastrodia javanica (Blume) Lindl.
  41. Gastrodia kachinensis X.H.Jin & L.A.Ye
  42. Gastrodia khangii Aver.
  43. Gastrodia kuroshimensis Suetsugu
  44. Gastrodia lacista D.L.Jones
  45. Gastrodia longitubularis Q.W.Meng, X.Q.Song & Y.B.Luo
  46. Gastrodia madagascariensis H.Perrier ex Martos & Bytebier
  47. Gastrodia major Aver.
  48. Gastrodia maliauensis Suetsugu, Suleiman & Tsukaya
  49. Gastrodia menghaiensis Z.H.Tsi & S.C.Chen
  50. Gastrodia minor Petrie
  51. Gastrodia mishmensis A.N.Rao, Harid. & S.N.Hedge
  52. Gastrodia molloyi Lehnebach & J.R.Rolfe
  53. Gastrodia nantoensis T.C.Hsu & C.M.Kuo ex T.P.Lin
  54. Gastrodia nipponica (Honda) Tuyama
  55. Gastrodia nipponicoides Suetsugu
  56. Gastrodia × nippouraiensis Suetsugu & T.C.Hsu
  57. Gastrodia okinawensis Suetsugu
  58. Gastrodia papuana Schltr.
  59. Gastrodia peichatieniana S.S.Ying
  60. Gastrodia phangngaensis Suddee, Sirim. & Chamch.
  61. Gastrodia procera G.W.Carr
  62. Gastrodia pubilabiata Y.Sawa
  63. Gastrodia punctata Aver.
  64. Gastrodia putaoensis X.H.Jin
  65. Gastrodia queenslandica Dockrill
  66. Gastrodia rwandensis Eb.Fisch. & Killmann
  67. Gastrodia sabahensis J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb
  68. Gastrodia selabintanensis Tsukaya & A.Hidayat
  69. Gastrodia sesamoides R.Br.
  70. Gastrodia shimizuana Tuyama
  71. Gastrodia silentvalleyana C.S.Kumar, P.C.S.Kumar, Sibi & S.Anil Kumar
  72. Gastrodia similis Bosser
  73. Gastrodia solomonensis T.C.Hsu
  74. Gastrodia spatulata (Carr) J.J.Wood
  75. Gastrodia stapfii Hayata
  76. Gastrodia sui C.S.Leou, T.C.Hsu & C.R.Yeh
  77. Gastrodia surcula D.L.Jones
  78. Gastrodia taiensis Tuyama
  79. Gastrodia takeshimensis Suetsugu
  80. Gastrodia tembatensis P.T.Ong & P.O'Byrne
  81. Gastrodia theana Aver.
  82. Gastrodia tonkinensis Aver. & Averyanova
  83. Gastrodia tuberculata F.Y.Liu & S.C.Chen
  84. Gastrodia umbrosa B.Gray
  85. Gastrodia uraiensis T.C.Hsu & C.M.Kuo
  86. Gastrodia urceolata D.L.Jones
  87. Gastrodia verrucosa Blume
  88. Gastrodia vescula D.L.Jones
  89. Gastrodia wuyishanensis Da M.Li & C.D.Liu
  90. Gastrodia zeylanica Schltr.
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